Thursday, 7 June 2018
ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ಮತ್ತು ಆಗ್ನೇಯ ಏಷ್ಯಾದ ದೇಶಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಬೆಳೆಯುತ್ತಿರುವ ಅರೆಕಾಟಲ್ ಪಾಮ್ ಅರಿಕಾ ಕ್ಯಾಟೆಕು ಎಲ್ನ ಹಣ್ಣು / ಬೀಜ / ಎಂಡೋಸ್ಪರ್ಮ್ ಅರೆನಾಟ್ ಆಗಿದೆ. ಈ ಅಡಿಕೆ ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಪ್ರಪಂಚದ ವಿಭಿನ್ನ ಭಾಗಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಲಕ್ಷಾಂತರ ಜನರನ್ನು ಮೆಡಿಟೇಶನ್ಗಾಗಿ ಬಳಸಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ, ಇದು ಅನೇಕ ಔಷಧೀಯ ಗುಣಲಕ್ಷಣಗಳನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿದೆ ಎಂದು ನಂಬಲಾಗಿದೆ. ಪೈಪರ್ ಬೆಟೆಲ್, ಕ್ಯಾಲ್ಸಿಯಂ ಹೈಡ್ರಾಕ್ಸೈಡ್, ಕ್ಯಾಟೆಚು, ಇತ್ಯಾದಿಗಳ ಎಲೆ ಅಥವಾ ಹೂಗೊಂಚಲುಗಳಂತಹ ಅನೇಕ ಇತರ ಪದಾರ್ಥಗಳೊಂದಿಗೆ ಇದು ಮುಖ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಅಗಿಯಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಚೂಯಿಂಗ್ ಉತ್ಪನ್ನದ ಇಂತಹ ಸಂಯೋಜನೆಯನ್ನು ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಬೆಡೆಲ್ ಕ್ವಿಡ್ ಅಥವಾ ಪ್ಯಾನ್ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಭಾರತದಲ್ಲಿ, ಅಡಿಕೆ ಅಥವಾ ಬಾಟಲ್ ಕ್ವಿಡ್ ಅನ್ನು ಚೂಯಿಂಗ್ ಮಾಡುವುದು ಉತ್ತಮ ಹಳೆಯ ಅಭ್ಯಾಸವಾಗಿದೆ, 650 BC ಯ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯವು ಇದಕ್ಕೆ ಮರಳುತ್ತದೆ. ಅಸಂಖ್ಯಾತ ಏಷ್ಯಾದ ಮತ್ತು ಓಷಿಯಾನಿಕ್ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಧಾರ್ಮಿಕ ಕಾರ್ಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಅರೆನಾಟ್ ಬಹಳ ಮುಖ್ಯವಾದ ಸ್ಥಳವಾಗಿದೆ. ಈ ಅಡಿಕೆ ಸಾಕಷ್ಟು ಔಷಧೀಯ ಗುಣಗಳನ್ನು ಪ್ರದರ್ಶಿಸಿದೆ ಮತ್ತು ಅವುಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನವುಗಳು ಈಗ ಸರಿಯಾದ ವೈಜ್ಞಾನಿಕ ಸಾಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಧಾರಗಳಿಂದ ದೃಢೀಕರಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟಿವೆ. ಚೀನಾದಲ್ಲಿ, 30 ಕ್ಕೂ ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಔಷಧಿಗಳನ್ನು ಈಗಾಗಲೇ ಸೂತ್ರವನ್ನು ತಯಾರಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ ಮತ್ತು ಮಾರಾಟ ಮಾಡಲಾಗುವುದು. ಅಡಿಕೆ ನಂತಹ ಔಷಧೀಯ ಗುಣಗಳ ನಡುವೆಯೂ, ಇದನ್ನು ಹಲವಾರು ಸಂಶೋಧಕರು ಕ್ಯಾನ್ಸರ್ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಹಲವು ವಿರೋಧಾತ್ಮಕ ಸಂಶೋಧನೆ ಫಲಿತಾಂಶಗಳು ಇವೆ ಎಂದು ಹೇಳಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ, ಇದು ಅಡಿಕೆ ಕ್ಯಾನ್ಸರ್ ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯ ಪ್ರಮಾಣದಲ್ಲಿ ಅಲ್ಲ ಎಂದು ಹೇಳುತ್ತದೆ ಆದರೆ ಕ್ಯಾನ್ಸರ್ ಗುಣಪಡಿಸುತ್ತದೆ. ಇಂತಹ ವರದಿಗಳನ್ನು ಸಂಗ್ರಹಿಸಿ ಹೈಲೈಟ್ ಮಾಡಲಾಗಿದೆ.
ಅರೆ ಪಾಮ್, ಅರೆಕಾ ಕ್ಯಾಟೆಚು ಎಲ್. (ಪಾಲ್ಮೇಸಿ ಕುಟುಂಬ) ಭಾರತ, ಇಂಡೋನೇಷ್ಯಾ, ಮ್ಯಾನ್ಮಾರ್, ಚೈನಾ, ಬಾಂಗ್ಲಾದೇಶ ಥೈಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್, ಮಲೇಷಿಯಾ, ವಿಯೆಟ್ನಾಂ, ಫಿಲಿಪೈನ್ಸ್ ಮುಂತಾದ ಹಲವು ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ಏಷ್ಯಾದ ಮತ್ತು ಆಗ್ನೇಯ ಏಷ್ಯಾದ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಗಳ ಪ್ರಮುಖ ವಾಣಿಜ್ಯ ಬೆಳೆಯಾಗಿದೆ. ಎಂಡೋಸ್ಪೆರ್ಮ್) ಈ ಅಕ್ಕಿಯನ್ನು ಅಕ್ಕಪಕ್ಕ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಪ್ರಪಂಚದ ಕೆಲವು ಭಾಗಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಅಕಂಕನ್ನು 'ಬಿಟ್ ಅಡಿಕೆ' ಎಂದು ತಪ್ಪಾಗಿ ಹೆಸರಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ ಏಕೆಂದರೆ ಪಿಪರ್ಸಿಯೇ ಕುಟುಂಬದ ಉಷ್ಣವಲಯದ, ನಿತ್ಯಹರಿದ್ವರ್ಣದ, ದೀರ್ಘಕಾಲಿಕ ಬಳ್ಳಿಯ ಎಲೆಗಳ ಪೈಪರ್ನೊಂದಿಗೆ ಇದನ್ನು ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಅಗಿಯಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಸಮಯದ ಮುನ್ಸೂಚನೆಯಿಂದಲೂ, ಅಕ್ಕಪಕ್ಕವನ್ನು ಪ್ರಪಂಚದಾದ್ಯಂತ ಚೂಯಿಂಗ್ ಅಥವಾ ಮಿಸ್ಟಿಕ್ ಮಾಡುವಿಕೆಗೆ ಬಳಸಲಾಗುತ್ತಿದೆ, ಅದರಲ್ಲೂ ವಿಶೇಷವಾಗಿ ಉಪ-ಖಂಡದ ಮತ್ತು ಆಗ್ನೇಯ ಏಷ್ಯಾದ ಇತರ ಭಾಗಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಔಷಧೀಯ ಗುಣಗಳನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿರುವಂತೆ ನಂಬಲಾಗಿದೆ. ಭಾರತದಲ್ಲಿ, ಕ್ರಿಸ್ತಪೂರ್ವ 1300 ರ ದಶಕದಷ್ಟು ಹಿಂದೆಯೇ ಸೀಸ ಮಾಯಾನಾದಿಂದ 'ಅಂಜನಾ ಚೈತ್ರ' ಮತ್ತು 'ಶಿಶುಪಾಲಾ ವಧ' ದಲ್ಲಿ ಮಾಘರಿಂದ ಪ್ರಸ್ತಾಪಿಸಲಾದ ಅದರ 650 ಕ್ರಿ.ಶ. ವಿಯೆಟ್ನಾಂನಂತಹ ಇತರ ದೇಶಗಳಲ್ಲಿ, ಅಡಿಕೆಗಳ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನತೆಯು ಕಂಚಿನ ಯುಗಕ್ಕೆ ಹೋಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಭಾರತದಲ್ಲಿ, ಕಾಯಿ ಮತ್ತು ಬೀಟಲ್ ಎಲೆಗಳನ್ನು ಪವಿತ್ರವೆಂದು ಪರಿಗಣಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ ಮತ್ತು ಯಾವುದೇ ವಿಧ್ಯುಕ್ತ ಕ್ರಿಯೆಯಿಲ್ಲದೆ ಅವುಗಳು ಪೂರ್ಣವಾಗಿಲ್ಲ.
ಅನಾಕಟ್ಟು ಭಾರತ, ಚೀನಾ, ಬಾಂಗ್ಲಾದೇಶ, ಫಿಲಿಪ್ಪೀನ್ಸ್ ಮುಂತಾದ ಹಲವಾರು ದೇಶಗಳಲ್ಲಿನ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನ ಔಷಧಗಳ ಔಷಧಿಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ಪ್ರಮುಖ ಸ್ಥಳವಾಗಿದೆ. ವಿಶ್ವ ಆರೋಗ್ಯ ಸಂಸ್ಥೆ ಎ. ಕ್ಯಾಟೆಚುವಿನ 25 ಕ್ಕೂ ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಪ್ರಯೋಜನಕಾರಿ ಪರಿಣಾಮಗಳನ್ನು ಪಟ್ಟಿಮಾಡಿದೆ ಮತ್ತು ಇದರಲ್ಲಿ ಪಟ್ಟಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಅಣೆಕಟ್ಟು ಪಾಪುವಾ ನ್ಯೂ ಗಿನಿಯಾದಲ್ಲಿನ ಔಷಧೀಯ ಸಸ್ಯಗಳು. ಅಕ್ಕಪಕ್ಕದ ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಜಾನಪದ ಔಷಧೀಯ ಗುಣಗಳು ಈಗ ಸರಿಯಾದ ವೈಜ್ಞಾನಿಕ ದತ್ತಾಂಶದಿಂದ ಮೌಲ್ಯೀಕರಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟಿವೆ. ಇದು ಆಂಟಿಆಕ್ಸಿಡೆಂಟ್, ಉರಿಯೂತದ ಮತ್ತು ನೋವುನಿವಾರಕ, ವಿರೋಧಿ ಮಧುಮೇಹ, ಹೈಪೋಲಿಪಿಡೆಮಿಕ್, ಬ್ಯಾಕ್ಟೀರಿಯಾ, ವಿರೋಧಿ ಶಿಲೀಂಧ್ರ, ವಿರೋಧಿ ಮಾಲಿರಿಯಲ್, ವಿರೋಧಿ ವೈರಸ್, ಎಚ್ಐವಿ ವಿರೋಧಿ, ಏಡ್ಸ್ ಚಿಕಿತ್ಸೆ, ವಯಸ್ಸಾದ ವಿರೋಧಿ, ಆಲ್ಝೈಮರ್ನ ಮತ್ತು ಅಲ್ಸರ್-ವಿರೋಧಿ ಚಿಕಿತ್ಸೆ, ವಿರೋಧಿ ಮೈಗ್ರೇನ್, ಖಿನ್ನತೆ-ಶಮನಕಾರಿ, ಖಿನ್ನತೆ-ಶಮನಕಾರಿ, ವಿರೋಧಿ ಅಲರ್ಜಿಕ್, ಆಂಥೆಲ್ಮಿಂಟಿಕ್, ಅಫ್ರೋಡಿಸಿಯ, ವಿರೋಧಿ ವಿಷ, ಹೆಪಟೋಪ್ರೊಟೆಕ್ಟಿವ್, ಸೈಟೋಪ್ರೊಟೆಕ್ಟಿವ್ ಇತ್ಯಾದಿ. ಚೀನಾದಲ್ಲಿ ಅಕಕಾದ ಪದಾರ್ಥವನ್ನು ಬಳಸಿ ತಯಾರಿಸಲಾದ 30 ಔಷಧಿಗಳನ್ನು ಈಗಾಗಲೇ ತಯಾರಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಮನುಷ್ಯನ ಹಲವಾರು ಅಸ್ವಸ್ಥತೆಗಳು. ಭಾರತದಲ್ಲಿ, ಅಕೌಂಟ್ ಹೊಂದಿರುವ ಎರಡು ಮೂರು ಆಯುರ್ವೇದ ಸಿದ್ಧತೆಗಳನ್ನು ಡಯಾಬಿಟಿಸ್ ನಿರ್ವಹಣೆಗಾಗಿ ವೈದ್ಯರು ಸಲಹೆ ಮಾಡುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಅಕ್ಕಪಕ್ಕದಲ್ಲಿ ಈ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಅನುಕೂಲಕರ ಗುಣಗಳು ದೊರೆತಿವೆಯಾದರೂ, ಅಕ್ಕಪಕ್ಕದ ಚೂಯಿಂಗ್ ಕ್ಯಾನ್ಸರ್ಗೆ ಕಾರಣವಾಗಬಹುದು ಎಂದು ಹಲವಾರು ಸಂಶೋಧಕರು ತಿಳಿಸಿದ್ದಾರೆ.
ಈ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ವರದಿಗಳು ಅದರ ಶುದ್ಧ ರೂಪದಲ್ಲಿ ಅಡಿಕೆ ಅಪಾಯಕಾರಿಯಲ್ಲವೆಂದು ದೃಢಪಡಿಸುತ್ತದೆ ಆದರೆ ಅಲರ್ಜಿಗಳು, ಗಾಯಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಕ್ಯಾನ್ಸರ್ ಅನ್ನು ಸಹ ಗುಣಪಡಿಸುವ ಔಷಧೀಯ ಗುಣಗಳನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿದೆ. ಅದರ ಜಾನಪದ ಔಷಧೀಯ ಗುಣಲಕ್ಷಣಗಳನ್ನು ಈಗ ವೈಜ್ಞಾನಿಕ ಸಾಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಧಾರಗಳಿಂದ ಮೌಲ್ಯೀಕರಿಸಲಾಗಿದೆ. ಈ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಗುಣಲಕ್ಷಣಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಪ್ರಾಯೋಗಿಕ ಪರೀಕ್ಷೆಗಳಿಗೆ ಜವಾಬ್ದಾರರಾಗಿರುವ ಸಕ್ರಿಯ ತತ್ತ್ವಗಳ (ಗಳು) ಸ್ವರೂಪದ ಬಗೆಗಿನ ವಿಸ್ತೃತ ಅಧ್ಯಯನವು ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ಮತ್ತು ಆಗ್ನೇಯ ಏಷ್ಯಾದ ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಗಳ ಬಹುಪಾಲು ಪ್ರದೇಶಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಈ ಅಂಗೈಗಳು ಸಾಕಷ್ಟು ಲಭ್ಯವಿದ್ದರಿಂದ ಇಂತಹ ಸಸ್ಯ ಉತ್ಪನ್ನಗಳನ್ನು ಪರಿಣಾಮಕಾರಿಯಾಗಿ ಮತ್ತು ಲಾಭದಾಯಕವಾಗಿ ಬಳಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳಲು ಬೇಡಿಕೆ ಇದೆ. ಹಾನಿಕಾರಕ ವಸ್ತುಗಳೊಂದಿಗೆ ಯಾವುದೇ ಅಡಿಕೆಗಳನ್ನು ಸಂಯೋಜಿಸದಿರಲು ಮತ್ತು ಅಂತಹ ಸಂಯೋಜನೆಗಳ ದುಷ್ಪರಿಣಾಮಗಳಿಗೆ ಅಕಸ್ಮಾಟ್ ಅನ್ನು ದೂರುವುದಿಲ್ಲ ಎಂದು ಎಚ್ಚರಿಕೆಯಿಂದ ತೆಗೆದುಕೊಳ್ಳಬೇಕು
Wednesday, 30 May 2018
Arecanut is the fruit / seed / endosperm of an oriental palm Areca catechu L. growing in most of the South and Southeast Asian countries. This nut is generally used for mastication by millions of people in different parts of the world as it is believed to have many medicinal properties. It is chewed mainly along with several other ingredients such as the leaf or inflorescence of Piper betel, calcium hydroxide, catechu, etc. Such combination of chewing product is commonly called as betel quid or pan. In India, chewing of arecanut or betel quid is a good old practice, the tradition of which goes back to 650 BC. Arecanut has very important place in religious functions in many Asian and Oceanic countries. This nut has also exhibited ample medicinal properties and most of them are now authenticated by proper scientific evidences. In China, there are already more than 30 medicines formulated and marketed using areca nut .In spite of such medicinal properties of areca nut, it is also tagged as carcinogenic by several researchers. It is equally true that there are several other contradictory research results which said that arecanut is not carcinogenic in normal dose but even cures cancer. Such reports are collected and highlighted in this paper.
Areca palm, Areca catechu L. (Palmaceae family) is an important commercial crop of several South Asian and Southeast Asian countries such as India, Indonesia, Myanmar, China, Bangladesh Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, etc. The fruit or seed (endosperm) of this palm is called arecanut. In some parts of the world arecanut is misnamed as ‘betel nut’ as it is commonly chewed along with the leaf of Piper betle, a tropical, evergreen, perennial vine of Piperaceae family. Since time immemorial, arecanut is being used for chewing or mastication throughout the world, especially in Indian sub-continent and other parts of Southeast Asia as it is believed to have lots of medicinal properties. In India, the use of areca nut has been noticed as early as 1300 BC as cited by Sisu Mayana in ‘Anjana Chaitra’and the practice of its chewing from 650 BC as mentioned by Magha in ‘Shishupala Vadha’. In other countries such as Vietnam, the antiquity of areca nut even goes back to Bronze Age. In India, areca nut and betel leaf are considered as sacred and no ceremonial function is complete without them.
Arecanut has an important place in the ancient system of medicines in several countries such as India, China, Bangladesh, Philippines etc. The World Health Organization has listed out as many as 25 beneficial effects of A. catechu and included areca palm in the list of medicinal plants of Papua New Guinea. Most of the folklore medicinal properties of arecanut are now validated with proper scientific data. It has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, anti-diabetic, hypolipidemic, antibacterial, anti-fungal ,anti- malerial , anti-viral, anti-HIV, treatment for AIDS, anti-aging, treatment for Alzeimer’s and anti-ulcer, anti-migrain, antihypertensive ,antidepressant, anti-allergic,anthelmintic, aphrodisia,anti-venom, hepatoprotective , cytoprotective , etc. In China as many as 30 medicines prepared using arecanut as one of the ingredients are already in the market for the treatment of several disorders of man. In India, two to three ayurvedic preparations containing arecanut are advocated by doctors for the management of diabetes. Though arecanut has got all these beneficial properties, several researchers highlighted that arecanut chewing might cause cancer.
The adverse effects reported in association with arecanut chewing might be due to several other factors such as small sample size, the role of other ingredients used in the preparation of betel quid, the quality of arecanuts (including contaminations and adulterations) used for making different preparations of chewing products, etc . Ironically, these factors were not taken into consideration or discussed at all in most of the publications which said that arecanut chewing was dangerous, but simply blamed arecanut for all the ill effects. There are several other contradictory reports which said that arecanut as such was not cancerous but cures cancer. Such reports are collected by searching text books, old journals, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Science Direct, etc. and presented in this bibliography. This gives an insight for further detailed research in this field.
According to laboratory evidence;
Certain studies carried out on laboratory mice (A/Iisc strain) International Journal of Medical and Health Research 36 confirmed that the extracts of arecanut (prepared from 100g of arecanut powder) and betel quid without tobacco (extract of the mixture containing 100g of betel leaves + 50g of arecanut powder + 4g of lime) were not carcinogenic. The authors arrived at this conclusion by applying these extracts to both normal as well as immune suppressed mice for two years. The extracts did not induce any tumor in both the conditions. The irony is that this paper was not discussed in most of the review papers on the carcinogenicity of Arecanut. According to Arecanut research and development and foundation, Mangalore can give reports to central laboratories of Delhi among arecanut donot causes cancer and it cures cancers.
Using pan masala
Ramchandani et al. did not notice any tumor development on the skin of mice (ICRC strain) when it was pasted with 50mg of pan masala (without tobacco) extract continuasly for 40 weeks. Similarly, administration of 50mg pan masala extract by gavage did not develop any tumor in any of the internal organs of the treated mice. This dose comes to about 1.7g of pan masala/kg body weight of the animal.
Using betel quid without tobacco
In Taiwan, the betel quid generally consists of a bisected fresh green arecanut (including the husk) sandwiched with a spike of betel vine and a brown paste containing slaked lime and catechu. The effect of such betel quid on the cheek pouch of hamster was studied by inserting 1.5g of such betel quid into the cheek pouch for 52 weeks. Treatment with the chemical carcinogen, DMBA (7, 12-dimethylbenz (a) anthracene) for 6 weeks developed 11-70% carcinoma whereas; treatment of such betel quid alone during the entire period of experiment (52 weeks) or further followed by 10 weeks treatment with that chemical carcinogen did not lead to any tumor. This proved that Taiwan betel quid is neither a carcinogen nor promotes carcinogenic activity.
Studies on human population
Pan chewing without tobacco is not a risk factor for cancer
In a study conducted on the etiological factors in oral squamous cell carcinoma in Madras, India, it was reported that 85% of cheek carcinoma patients were chewing betel quid with tobacco as against 12.5% in the control group. On the other hand, only 8.7% of cheek cancer patients were pure betel and arecanut chewers as against 51.8% in the control group. The lacuna is that, no data for non-chewers were given in this study. In a study conducted atour region that is Bangalore, India on the occurrence of cancers of oral cavity in pan chewing people in that region, Nandakumar did not notice any increase in oral cancer in those people who chewed pan masala without tobacco. Of the 348 cases of cancers of the oral cavity and an equal number of controls, the relative risk due to pan chewing without tobacco was found to be non-significant with both males and females (p=0.36 and 0.17 for males and females, respectively) whereas it was significantly more (p=0.001) with pan chewing with tobacco.
One indirect evidence is there,
Wound healing property of arecanut.
Topical application of arecanut extract was reported to increase the wound healing process significantly in treated animals. In a study conducted on Wistar albino rats it was reported that 2% arecanut extract significantly increased the wound contraction rate compared to that of control and was found to be similar to that observed in test drug treated animals. Further, the arecanut extract was also found to overcome the wound healing suppressive property of dexamethasone.
All these reports confirm that arecanut in its pure form is not dangerous but has got a plethora of medicinal properties including curing ulcers, wounds and even cancer. Most of its folklore medicinal properties are now validated by scientific evidences. Detailed studies on the nature of active principle(s) responsible for all these properties and clinical trials on them are warranted to utilize such plant products effectively and profitably as these palms are available in plenty in most of the South and Southeast Asian Countries. Care should be taken not to combine arecanut with any of the harmful materials and blame arecanut for the ill effects of such combinations.
Wednesday, 4 April 2018
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF ARECANUT
RESEARCH SCIENTIST, MALENADU AGRI-RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MALALI
History of Betel Nut
It has long history in South and Southeast Asia and also the Pacific Basin. In Guam along with other Pacific islands, its use could be traced back so far as 2,000 years.A habit passed through generations, chewing betel nut is really a habitual custom for 10-20% of the world’s population.
Betel nut extract is a great idea for stroke recovery, in accordance with InteliHealth. Improvements have been mentioned in speech, bladder control as well as muscle strength in patients taking betel nut extract, even though InteliHealth explains that studies so far have already been small and flawed.
In vitro research show that water extract of betel nuts exhibit anti-microbial activity towards particular strains of oral bacteria. Therefore it is stated that its consumption might safeguard teeth from cavities. Chewing on betel nuts might prevent dental plaque. Betel nut might have anti-bacterial effects, also it formerly was included like a toothpaste component to prevent cavities, in accordance with InteliHealth. Due to its toxic effects, however, betel nut is probably less beneficial compared to other restorative agents for dental reasons. Chewing pan along with betel nut has become a common habit. It really is considered to avoid tooth decay. However this must be taken from time to time. Regular intake leads to inflammation resulting in cancer.
Preliminary research signifies enhancements in symptoms for schizophrenia patients who take betel nut, in accordance with the NIH. Standard schizophrenia medications create unpleasant negative effects, fueling further efforts to find out new treatments, however the NIH notes that betel nut also created side effects of tremors as well as stiffness within the schizophrenia research.
Dry Mouth Relief
Individuals who chew betel nut have a tendency to create considerable amounts of saliva, in accordance with InteliHealth. This might help individuals with dry mouth brought on by health problems like diabetes and Sjogren’s syndrome. InteliHealth explains that safer medicines are for sale to reduce this symptom.
Betel nuts have been in use for several years like a medication to deal with anemia in pregnant women. They’re good for making up for severe iron deficiency and low blood glucose levels. Frequent, however moderate, usage of betel nut might help combat an iron deficiency.
Beneficial for Brain
It’s been discovered that those who have suffered a brain injury have demonstrated some reaction to betel nuts. Usage of betel nuts helps to improve speech as well as muscle control in such people. However, it may also have unwanted effects when utilized on other sorts of medicine.
Relief from Stomach Worms
Consuming betel nuts assist in treatment of stomach worms just like the tapeworms and also the roundworms. It will help avoid the problems associated with the stomach worms. Betel nut is among the best vermifuge that can help expel the stomach worms.
Can controls diabetes
Arecoline is among the bio-chemicals present in betel nut. This particular bio-chemical has been analyzed to have a considerable control on diabetes. Tests on lab animals showed control of blood glucose levels for the considerable time period. Other research has linked chewing betel nut with an increase of chance of diabetes.
Prevents Cellular Degeneration
Betel nuts include antioxidants which help to avoid cellular degeneration within the older ones.
Can control hypertension or blood pressure
Studies have shown that the tannins contained in betel nut are helpful in managing high blood pressure activity by inhibiting the reaction to both angiotensin I and II.
Gnawing betel nuts does make a feeling of well-being and euphoria. This may be one more reason behind its increased use. The elated feeling can make users happy. Users also have reported experiencing a warm feeling in the body after consuming this particular psychoactive substance.
Chewing betel nuts helps prevent nausea. Betel nuts could be chewed just before traveling to avoid vomiting sensation.
Prevents Stomach Problems
Stomach problems just like indigestion, diarrhea and stomach aches is often curable. Consuming betel nuts provides rest from dysentery and in addition helps prevent it when consumed regularly.
Relieves from Excess Heat
Chewing the betel nuts help reduce excessive heat through the body of a human. Consuming betel nuts with betel leaves can be quite beneficial in the summers.
In accordance with Ayurveda, betel nut is considered to encourage the nervous system. Research into betel nut shows that it does have got anti-depressant qualities. Tests on lab rats recommended that betel nut extracts decreased stress brought on by swimming and tail-suspension.
Taking betel nut is assigned to rise in the immunomodulatory response. The extracts of betel nut demonstrated modulation of arachidonic acid metabolism which influences the rise of platelet production.
The reason behind its increasing popularity is its capability to boost energy. Thanks to its stimulating effects, users experience elevated levels of energy quickly upon chewing these types of nuts. Many state that it wakes them up and offers energy to continue with their day-to-day routine. So chewing it might work to keep you wide awake for a long time, that is especially beneficial whenever driving over night. The heightened alertness as well as increased ability to handle task comes from its active ingredient arecoline?an alkaloid along with a powerful stimulant of the central nervous system
Tuesday, 20 February 2018
ARECA MILK MIX
The arecanut palm is the source of common chewing nut, popularly known as betel nut or Supari. In India it is extensively used by large sections of people and is very much linked with religious practices. India is the largest producer of arecanut and at the same time largest consumer also.Major states cultivating this crop are Karnataka (40%), Kerala (25%), Assam (20%), Tamil Nadu, Meghalaya and West Bengal.
Price fluctuation of arecanut in the district is a problem to the arecanut farmers. They are not able to forecast the price independently. The unavailability of transport facility to the arecanut growers make the farmers bound to sell their produce through middle men/agents. Moreover only few arecanut farmers do fermentation process. The price of fermented nuts is more as compared to ripe mature nuts because of its value addition i.e dipping in the pit with water for four to six months. The fermented nuts are highly demanded because of its taste.
But now the cost of arecanut reached to an low level because of foreign importing of arecanut . In India most of farmers are depending on arecanut by seeing this type of problem in farmers in our region , My mind blowed toward the alternative uses of arecanut. First I can try to prepare cold drinks and finally doing lot of effort i could able to get one badam powder kind of powder from areca. It is purely from areca, but the taste is similar to Badam, That's why i can prepare "ARECA MILK MIX".By doing lot of test its confirmed that powder is not harmful human health and it is fix to used as daily food product in both cold or hot.
Why we use "ARECA MILK MIX"?
Areca Milk Mix is a great idea for stroke recovery, in accordance with InteliHealth. Improvements have been mentioned in speech, bladder control as well as muscle strength in patients taking betel nut extract, even though InteliHealth explains that studies so far have already been small and flawed
Can control diabetes
Arecoline is among the bio-chemicals present in betel nut. This particular bio-chemical has been analyzed to have a considerable control on diabetes.
Prevents Cellular Degeneration
Betel nuts include antioxidants which help to avoid cellular degeneration within the older ones.
Can control hypertension or blood pressure
Studies have shown that the tannin contained in betel nut are helpful in managing high blood pressure activity by inhibiting the reaction to both angiotensin I and II.
How to use?
For Hot milk: Take a vessel and fill the water what ever you required and add sugar and milk to it and after heating add one packet of Areca milk mix powder, By 1 pack we can prepare 4 cup of malts.
For cold areca milkshake: Take a vessel and pour water into it and add little amount of milk and directly add and mix the areca milk mix powder into it. And put in refrigerator for some min. For cold drink from 1 pack we can prepared up-to 6 to 7 cup of milkshake.
Happy to see my article in this paper.
Tuesday, 7 November 2017
Launched by Campco This is my first blog to introduce the 'Areca chocolate '.Arecanut is the species of palm grown in all over the world. This is one of the main cultivation of Indian farmers, and this chocolate is purely made from riped dry Arecanut (chali). This Choco is purely made by natural process and its don't have any chemicals. . we used ingredients as Arecanut powder and sugar for sweetening and some preservatives. Its fit for health.
On 17/08/2017 this chocolate was launched by Campco president Mr Sathish Chandra in Campco "Farmer and Members Program" in Sagar. In that program all Campco members and officers all media friends are there. All papers have give information about that program and product.